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torsdag, november 9, 2023

EU rebukes Serbia, Kosovo for restricted progress on dialogue and membership reforms – EURACTIV.com

The European Fee urged each Belgrade and Pristina on Wednesday (8 November) to start implementing their obligations underneath previous agreements, together with a revival of their stalled normalisation talks, stressing this was important for his or her future EU path.

“Each Serbia and Kosovo are but to begin the implementation of their respective obligations” underneath the EU-brokered Belgrade-Pristina dialogue, “that are binding for the events and a key a part of their European paths”, the enlargement progress report stated.

“Normalisation of relations is a necessary situation on the European path of each events and each dangers shedding essential alternatives within the absence of progress,” the report acknowledged.

Kosovo, which utilized for EU candidate standing in December 2022, would, nonetheless, want “to exhibit extra critical dedication” to normalise its relations with Serbia.

De-escalation may even decide whether or not a set of momentary measures taken towards Kosovo earlier will probably be reversed, the report added.

Serbia, alternatively, “continued the implementation of EU accession-related reforms, together with within the space of rule of regulation” however the EU’s government famous that “additional amendments will probably be wanted to be totally consistent with the EU acquis and European requirements”. The acquis denotes your entire physique of EU laws.

This might additionally require that Belgrade “enhance, as a matter of precedence, its alignment with the EU’s frequent overseas and safety coverage, together with restrictive measures and statements on Russia”.

The warning within the enlargement report comes after Brussels has been attempting for years to resolve the long-running dispute between Serbia and its former province, which declared independence from Belgrade in 2008.

The EU believed it had damaged the impasse by hammering out a plan to normalise ties in March, however there was no progress since then.

It additionally follows one other failed try by EU leaders two weeks in the past to persuade the 2 nations’ leaders to make a breakthrough within the protracted push to normalise ties.

EU stress fails to interrupt Kosovo-Serbia impasse

A bunch of EU leaders on Thursday (26 October) did not persuade Kosovo and Serbia to make a breakthrough within the protracted push to normalise ties.

Kosovar Prime Minister Albin Kurti and Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic got here for separate talks with …

Whereas these talks had been inconclusive, the EU’s chief diplomat Josep Borrell stated that one other assembly could possibly be organised “quickly”.

Nevertheless, after months of tensions and one of many worst cross-border assaults in northern Kosovo in recent times, each nations’ leaders are locked into back-and-forth accusations over who had stoked these tensions.

The EU’s Particular Consultant for the Belgrade-Pristina Dialogue, Miroslav Lajčák, is presently in Pristina to debate a draft statute of the Affiliation of Serb Majority Municipalities in northern Kosovo – a key requirement for Pristina, which insists that obligations for each side needs to be applied in parallel – and different points.

The go to is “to comply with up on the latest assembly with European leaders in Brussels and the necessity for full implementation of the Settlement on the Path to Normalization immediately or preconditions,” Lajčák wrote on X.

“We additionally agreed on subsequent steps,” he added, with out giving any particulars.

Throughout a visit to the area final week, von der Leyen instructed Kosovo to determine an affiliation of its Serb majority cities and pushed Serbia to ship “de-facto recognition” of the independence of Kosovo, which Belgrade nonetheless considers its province.

The demand for a ‘de facto’ recognition of Kosovo within the type of full normalisation of relations is a bitter tablet for Belgrade. Serbia, which nonetheless sees Kosovo as its territory, has vowed by no means to recognise its independence.

“It’s a unique factor to arrange the bottom [for recognition], there are some steps that make recognition work additional time like automotive plates and exterior illustration,” an EU senior official instructed reporters earlier this week.

“Full recognition is the final level of the method, and we’re a great distance away from that,” they admitted.

[Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic]

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