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tisdag, november 7, 2023

Over 42% SC, ST Households Poor, Says Bihar Caste Survey

'34% Earn Rs 6,000 Or Less': Bihar Survey Reveals Wealth, Education Data

New Delhi:

The second tranche of information from the Bihar authorities’s caste-based survey – and the total report on the financial situation of 215 Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Courses and Extraordinarily Backward Courses – was tabled within the Meeting this afternoon.

In accordance with the report, greater than 42 per cent of households from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are poor, as are over 33 per cent of these from Backward and Extraordinarily Backward Courses.

Additionally, of these surveyed, lower than six per cent of Scheduled Castes had completed their education; i.e., Class 11 and Class 12, whereas that quantity rises marginally to 9 per cent throughout the state.

The report comes amid allegations by Union Residence Minister Amit Shah the Bihar authorities had inflated the inhabitants of the Yadav and Muslim communities, thereby affecting EBCs’ rights. A livid Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Tejashwi Yadav rubbished the declare. ”Are Yadavs not backward? On what foundation are they saying ’this has been elevated or decreased’? Now we have scientific knowledge to assist it.”

READ |Bihar Caste Survey: 27% Backward Courses, 36% Extraordinarily Backward Courses

The primary set of information was launched final month and mentioned over 60 per cent of Bihar hails from Backward or Extraordinarily Backward Courses, and over 20 per cent come from Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes.

Financial Information

The general knowledge from the Bihar authorities’s report is worrying.

It states that 34.13 per cent of all households within the state earn as much as a paltry Rs 6,000 monthly and 29.61 per cent survive on Rs 10,000 or much less. It additionally states that almost 28 per cent stay on revenue between Rs 10,000 and Rs 50,000, and solely lower than 4 per cent earn over Rs 50,000 monthly.

The report paints a grim image – significantly in a state the place these from marginalised communities and backward courses represent over 80 per cent of a inhabitants of greater than 13.1 crore.

Total, 42.93 per cent of households from Scheduled Castes and 42.70 per cent from Scheduled Tribes have been listed as poverty-stricken. Amongst Backward and Extraordinarily Backward Courses, this quantity is 33.16 per cent and 33.58 per cent. Amongst different castes, 23.72 per cent of all households are poor.

READ | NDTV Explainer: With Eye On Polls, Breaking Down Bihar’s Caste Survey

Solely 25.09 per cent of Normal Class households are listed as poor. Inside this, 25.32 per cent of Bhumihars, 25.3 per cent of Brahmins, and 24.89 per cent of Rajputs are listed as poor. Brahmins and Rajputs account for 7.11 per cent of Bihar’s inhabitants. The Bhumihars are 2.86 per cent.

Amongst Backward Courses, 35.87 per cent of Yadavs – Deputy Chief Minister Tejashwi Yadav belongs to this neighborhood – are poor, as are 34.32 per cent of Kushwahas and 29.9 per cent of Kurmis.

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The Yadavs represent 14.26 per cent of the inhabitants and they’re the most important OBC sub-group, whereas the opposite account for somewhat over eight per cent of the overall.

On common, over 30 per cent of EBC households are poor. It’s 29.87 per cent amongst Telis, rising to 32.99 for Kanus, 34.08 for Chandravanshis, 34.75 for Dhanuks and 35.88 for Noniyas.

Literacy In Bihar

The general literacy fee within the state is 79.7 per cent.

Solely 22.67 per cent of respondents had studied until Class 5, however this will increase to 24.31 per cent for folks from Scheduled Castes and 24.65 per cent for these from Extraordinarily Backward Courses.

Among the many Normal Class that is simply 17.45 per cent.

Solely 5.76 per cent of these surveyed from Scheduled Castes had accomplished education; i.e., Class 11 and 12. This improved marginally to 9 per cent for all respondents.

Calls for for a nation-wide caste census have gathered steam since Bihar’s August survey, with the problem turning into a political scorching potato within the run-up to elections in 5 states – Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Mizoram – this month and the 2024 Lok Sabha ballot.

The BJP – on the centre – has, prior to now, been reluctant to again this demand, however Union Residence Minister Amit Shah indicated an about-face in that coverage this week. He mentioned his social gathering had by no means actually opposed the train however would solely perform a survey after due diligence.

READ | Amid Opposition’s Caste Census Push, Amit Shah Says BJP By no means Opposed Thought

After the discharge of the primary tranche of Bihar knowledge, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had, in an occasion in poll-bound Madhya Pradesh, hit out at these ”attempting to divide the nation within the title of caste”.

The Congress has been clear on its place; it’ll maintain a survey in states it wins on this month’s polls and Rahul Gandhi mentioned it’ll even be held at a nationwide degree ought to the social gathering win subsequent yr.

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